Ironstone shafts – Cefn y Hendy

Cefn y Hendy area of Former ironstone shafts

Archaeological work carried out in the fields here in 1991 and 1992 identified a series of isolated industrial remains, pits, shafts and associated waste tips ; these were interpreted as 19th century surface workings associated with the Bute Haematite Works which were nearby.

The Bute Estate map of 1824 does not show any of the surviving features, and fieldwork carried out failed to identify earlier workings on the ground with certainty.

It is believed that thee was earlier extraction in the area as earlier mine workings were discovered during initial operations at the Bute works in 1854